Cornus kousa var Chinensis, Kousa Dogwood, Chinese Dogwood. But many types of dogwood exist, from good-sized, single-trunked trees to small, multistemmed, stoloniferous shrubs; there's even a ground-covering perennial dogwood. Summer leaves are bright green above and lighter on the underside. True flowers are greenish yellow. The wood is used for specialty products such as spools and jewelry boxes. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Helpful 5 Not Helpful 1. Fruit is a brilliant red, shiny, oval drupe that is ½ inch long, borne in groups of as few as 1 or 2 and as many as 10 or more. Cornus kousa, commonly called Kousa dogwood, is a small, deciduous flowering tree or multi-stemmed shrub that typically grows 15-30’ tall, with a vase-shaped habit in the early years but eventually maturing to a more rounded form. Red blooms cover the tree in spring, and reddish-purple leaves as well as glossy red fruit adorn it in the fall. WARNING: The fruit of flowering dogwood is poisonous to humans. Enjoy Year-Round Beauty The Kousa White Dogwood Tree is an attractive, white flowering dwarf tree! Trees typically grow 20 feet tall. That means you probably won’t want to ingest the entire fruit, skin, seeds, and all. 769. An excellent landscape choice for all four seasons, the white dogwood is a favorite in many yards and gardens. George Washington and Thomas Jefferson reportedly planted dogwoods around their estates and gardens. The Kousa dogwood is a handsome, small- to medium-sized tree reaching a mature height of 30 feet. Fall color can be a spectacular scarlet to purplish. Chinese dogwood (Cornus Kuosa chinensis), raspberry-like fruit… They consist of four narrowly pointed white bracts which surround the center cluster of tiny yellowish-green flowers. Aptly named, the red dogwood brings a splash of color to the seasons. Edible parts of Flowering Dogwood: Fruit - cooked. The clustered fruits of flowering dogwood are bright red drupes about 13 mm. Trees are typically killed in 2 to 3 years. Two negative factors about Kousa dogwood fruit are: The skin is rough and gritty/mealy, therefore shouldn’t be eaten; Most Kousa dogwood fruit has fairly large seeds inside relative to the size of the fruit (the seeds are about the size of a pomegranate seed). Depending on the age of the Kousa dogwood, the trees take on a different appearance. The fungus requires high humidity for infection, so trees growing on moist, shady sites are most susceptible. Get involved. But he also does not recommend them. In many stones, only one seed is fully developed. The common name dogwood comes from one colonial description of the fruit as being edible but not fit for a dog. As flowering Dogwood is a rich source of nectar it is ideal to grow if you want to attract butterflies, bees, Squirrels, and Songbirds to the garden. [16][9]:102, Micropropagation of flowering dogwood is now used in breeding programs aiming to incorporate resistance to dogwood anthracnose and powdery mildew into horticulturally and economically important cultivars. Plant flowering dogwood grown from seed collected from trees indigenous to your local area. Large, showy flowers open after the tree has leafed out and remain for a long time. Up to 6-7 of these drupes form together from the mature flower ovaries. Total width of each floral display ranges from 3 to 5 inches across. Cooking with Kousa dogwood fruit. In the Midwest, this is a hardier substitute for the acid-loving flowering dogwood. Posted: Jan. 17, 2012". … Variegation is temperature sensitive. ½-1" diameter reddish syncarp hanging on a 2" long stalk. Kousa Dogwood berries are small, globular fruits, averaging 2 to 4 centimeters in diameter, and are made up of 20 to 40 individual carpels that join together to make a somewhat uniform, spherical shape. Flowering dogwood is named for the showy spring flowers. In the early spring or late winter, they feature white or pink flowers and green foliage. The common name dogwood comes from one colonial description of the fruit as being edible but not fit for a dog. Dogwood in Early Autumn photograph by Susan E Adams, CC. In cold climates, potted cuttings must be kept in heated cold frames or polyhouses the following winter to maintain temperatures between 0 and 7 °C (32 and 45 °F). Each fruit contains a two-celled, usually two-seeded, bony stone. The fruit, when infused in "Eau de Vie" makes a bitter but acceptable drink. The fruit of flowering dogwood is poisonous to human beings. University of Connecticut Plant Database: United States Department of Agriculture, National Forest Service: University of California @ Davis, Integrated Pest Management Online: Dogwood pest management, Cornell University, Integrated Pest Management, Dogwood Borer, United States Department of Agriculture, National Forest Service, St. Paul Field Office, How to Identify and Control Dogwood Anthracnose, Virginia State University Cooperative Extension, Foliar Diseases of Dogwood, flowering dogwood - Interactive Native Range Distribution Map of, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cornus_florida&oldid=984322372, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood, this Asian cousin to our native flowering dogwood can be used as a specimen plant or in shrub borders. Ask Mike A Question Mike's YBYG Archives Find YBYG Show . The botanical moniker of the dogwood most renowned for its fruits is Cornus mas, better known by the common name of 'Cornelian Cherry'. Registered fungicides can be applied when necessary, according to manufacturers instructions and advice of local Extension Service.[13]. The drupe is about 7/16 inch (1 cm) long. This is arguably the world’s most beautiful dogwood, with a fabulous show of white flowers in spring, and magnificent autumn colour. [17], Softwood cuttings taken in late spring or early summer from new growth can be rooted under mist if treated with 8,000 to 10,000 ppm indole-3-butyric acid (IBA). Cornus kousa (Kousa Dogwood) is a small, deciduous flowering tree or multi-stemmed shrub with 4 seasons of interest. On some cultivated varieties bract color is creamy, pink to nearly red. This makes it good for hybridizing with other varieties. The fungus requires high humidity for infection, so trees growing on moist, shady sites are most susceptible. Not brave enough to eat the fruit, maybe some day though. They are an important food source for dozens of species of birds, which then distribute the seeds. It is also an excellent contrast tree for larger evergreen backgrounds. across (7-10 cm), appear usually before the leaves. The flowers consist of four bracts which subtend the small head of yellow flowers. This is important for breeding programs as it means that it is not necessary to emasculate (remove the anthers from) C. florida flowers before making controlled cross-pollinations. HEIGHT: 6.0m WIDTH: 4.0m *height & width at maturity. The Cornus Kousa ( Benthamidia kousa) also known as Kousa Dogwood, Japanese Dogwood and Chinese Dogwood, is native to Japan, Korea, and China arriving in the United States around 1875. For example, forsythia has a large root system that can help hold back soil on a hill. The hard wood was used to make weaving shuttles and golf club heads. Flowering dogwood is rated hardy in USDA Zones 5 to 9. Flowering dogwood is seriously threatened by dogwood anthracnose which is caused by a fungus. This dogwood is a great landscape addition near utility lines, next to buildings, or near patios. ‘Royal Red’ has deep red spring and fall foliage. It flowers profusely in spring, covered with lustrous white petal-like bracts that give larger flowering plants a run for their money. White berries follow the flowers. They typically flower in early April in the southern part of their range, to late April or early May in northern and high altitude areas. The hard, dense wood has been used for products such as golf club heads, mallets, wooden rake teeth, tool handles, jeweler's boxes and butcher's blocks. Privacy Policy | Policies and Guidelines | Research | Press Room  | Site Map. The lateral branches are somewhat horizontal and form a recognizable feature in the winter landscape. It closely resembles the North American native, flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), but is less vulnerable to disease. Silky dogwood is not ranked as a plant of conservation concern by the Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission. Fruit is also eaten by ruffed grouse, quail, black bear, deer, chipmunks, skunks and squirrels. I have many Pink and White Dogwood trees that are lush and produce many fruit. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen in November. Flowering dogwood is a spectacular flowering tree native to our region and one of the most popular small ornamental trees in America. At the northern end of its range, heights of 30–33 feet are more typical. Powdery Mildew: Erysiphe pulchra (formerly Microsphaera pulchra) is the fungus that attacks leaf surfaces and tender shoots and causes powdery mildew. The fruits are connected to slender and elongated, fibrous stems averaging 7 to 10 centimeters in length, and have an unusual, ridged appearance. Cornus Chinensis (Chinese Flowering Dogwood) This is a really stunning shrub or tree, with two main seasons of interest. The fruit is not poisonous, but is almost inedible raw. Noted for its 4 seasons of interest, Cornus florida f. rubra (Pink Flowering Dogwood) is a small deciduous tree adorned with a broadly conical canopy. Young trees tend to be upright to rounded and mature specimens growing up to 50 percent wider than tall. Trees are susceptible to anthracnose, dogwood borer and powdery mildew. See more ideas about pink dogwood, dogwood, dogwood trees. I have a Pink Flowering Dogwood I just planted this early Spring. A wonderful display of blooms in late spring and rich autumn tints make this … Broadly conical in shape, it produces tiny green flowers in June, which are surrounded by showy, creamy-white, petal-like bracts, that fade to lovely shades of pink as they age. It’s beautiful but rain and wind can cut short the flowering season many a year and the root system is prone to disease. White Flowering Dogwood Trees grow best if they are fertilized lightly in the spring once frost has passed with a well-balanced, extended-release, fertilizer such as espoma Tree-tone. The selection of healthy, disease-free planting stock is essential and transplanting trees from the forest should be avoided. Showy spring flowers, summer and fall foliage Hardiness zone is 5–9 and the state tree of both Virginia Missouri... ( technically, drupes ), raspberry-like Fruit… flowering dogwood i just planted this early spring before leaves... All trees will produce fruit is almost inedible raw cluster showing the pale! Cloud ’ is a common understory tree in 1955 in controlling erosion, moisture..., appear usually before the leaves these stresses is a deciduous shrub growing to 6 m ( 26ft ) a! Of inks, scarlet dyes, and the state tree of both Virginia and Missouri, the! 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